Skeptical professor tracks paranormal
Date: Friday, April 04 @ 09:45:11 PST
Topic: 2. Paranormal News
Bob Carroll always knew he was a skeptic. His skepticism started when
he was young, with a disbelief in Santa Claus, and it has led the
professor of philosophy to spend more than three decades studying the
psychology of deception and self-deception, questioning most things
supernatural and paranormal and explaining the principles of sound
logical reasoning to others.
In 1994, he began publishing a Web site for the doubting Thomases of
the world to use as a hub to educate themselves about a wide variety of
hoaxes, quackery and pseudoscientific phenomena that can take advantage
of a human's trusting nature.
"The site grew out of my other site, the Skeptic's Dictionary
(www.skepdic.com), which was designed to provide skeptical articles and
references on topics dealing with the paranormal, the supernatural, the
pseudoscientific or the occult."
Word from the Webwise: With a crystal ball containing the apparition of
Harry Houdini — a great ghost buster, magician and skeptic —
highlighted on its front page, the site presents a fairly common
three-column format that beckons visitors to put on their thinking caps
and enter a world of deductive disciplines.
Before getting to the voluminous Skeptic's Dictionary, visitors should
check out sections such as Mass Media Funk for Mr. Carroll's take on
current events (including the debate among paleontologists as to the
origins of flying creatures); Too Good to Be True, to read about
Internet business opportunities of a pseudoscientific nature (who
wouldn't want the Inset Fuel Stabilizer in these energy-expensive
times); and Skeptical Essays, including a report from the paranormal
trenches by skeptic James Randi.
The site acts as both a place for Mr. Carroll to express his
well-researched views and a portal containing loads of links from
around the world. I especially enjoyed a report from the Committee for
the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal
(www.csicop.org/sb/9409/eyesthat.html) on the alien-abduction mythos
and Milton Rothman's essay on scientific illiteracy in the press
Now on to the dictionary, which features more than 400 entries, is
available in seven languages and can be accessed through either handy
drop-down menus or a simple alphabetical index.
This "Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous
Delusions" covers everything from alchemy to cosmobiology to magnet
therapy to zombies. Each entry is accompanied by a "further reading"
area at the bottom and plenty of links to back up Mr. Carroll's
He also has created a "What's Hot" list to point visitors to what folks
are looking at in his dictionary. Not surprisingly, entries on
Nostradamus, feng shui, telekinesis and the Bermuda Triangle top the
This information-packed, simple-to-load site requires no plug-ins and
will work with any browser capable of handling drop-down menu coding.
Don't miss: Mr. Carroll tackles 65 suburban myths, found under the main
site. Some of these oddities are ones that I actually have spouted on a
few occasions, including that humans use just 10 percent of their
brains, an egg will balance on its end at the equinox, and sugar causes
hyperactivity in children. Additionally, beauties such as the curse on
the Kennedy family, the existence of Men in Black and claims that NASA
faked the moon landings get the skeptical treatment.
Comprehension level: Mr. Carroll says he had no particular age group in
mind when he created the site, but it probably is too difficult for
visitors who can't read at least at the 10th-grade level.
Overall grade: B+
Remember: The information on the Internet is constantly changing.
Please verify the advice on the sites before you act to be sure it's
accurate and updated. Health sites, for example, should be discussed
with your own physician.
* * *
The Skeptic's Refuge
Site address: www.skepdic.com/refuge/
Creator: Robert T. Carroll, who publishes the site, is a professor at
Sacramento City College in California who teaches logic and critical
reasoning, philosophy of law, the history of modern philosophy and a
general introductory course in philosophy.
Creator quotable: "I was a skeptic about some things when I was a
child," Mr. Carroll says, "but I guess I gradually became skeptical
about most things supernatural and paranormal over the years as I
investigated many subjects and found the evidence and arguments for the
supernatural and paranormal to be lacking and the arguments and
evidence for naturalistic explanations to be stronger and more